Overselling web hosting resources is a popular trend in the web
hosting world nowadays. Why? Because it's an easy way to extract more revenue
from their servers than normally is possible.
The basic idea behind overselling is that most of their clients are only going to use a fraction of the resources allocated to them so there's going to be a lot of wasted bandwidth and
Overselling a server involves assuming a bit of risk and selling more resources than
they can handle, assuming that the unused resources will cover it the extra web
For example, let's say that a server's hard drive is 80GB and has 1200GB of bandwidth. The hosting company has a look around and decides that to be competitive they need to offer plans with 2GB of disk space and 40GB bandwidth.
With these figures they can only offer 30 hosting packages per server. This leaves quite a bit of wasted disk space and after a few months the company will probably notice that their users aren't using all of the available bandwidth.
Because of this the host then assumes that it can safely sell at least 10 more packages on the one server. If the original number of customers already covers general costs then the extra packages provided by overselling are pure profit.
The advantage of overselling for the web host is that they make more money off each server than they otherwise normally would be able to.
The advantage for the client is that this extra revenue is usually transferred on (at least in theory) by cheaper hosting packages with more features.
The problem is that these features are often "smoke and mirrors". A few users would be able to use their entire allotment without any trouble, but if every single client were to build their website up to maximum capacity the host wouldn't be able to handle the sudden increase in demand without adding extra hard drives, buying more bandwidth, or perhaps even another server. This would most likely lead to a fair amount of downtime.
Hosting companies never advertise the fact that they oversell their servers
because it's not something that will gain them customers and it's actually likely to drive
some away. In general however, they're likely to get away with it without any real problems.
The reason the idea even exists is that it is true that the majority of websites don't use all of the space that's allocated to them. The problem is that it's not a particularly honest way of dealing with clients. It's a little like the
"Emperor's New Clothes" where the host is just hoping that no one notices the fact that a package is in fact a little
If your website is very slow or unresponsive at times, your hosting provider has
probably oversold your server.
Overselling usually isn't a big problem unless a host gets too greedy and ends up selling
a lot more than they could possibly provide the resources for. But on the other hand,
it isn't even necessary because the host can usually make enough money to make ends meet without
overselling at all.
It will probably be very hard for you to find out whether or not a host oversells
its servers unless they specifically advertise it, or they're well known for having problems due to excessive overselling. Just make sure you do some research and choose a reliable
web host, not necessarily the one that appears to offer ridiculous amounts of bandwidth or disk space for far too little money.
About the Author:
Daniel Punch is a writer working at M6.net: "The web-hosting company for humans". M6.Net is working hard to help
webmasters develop their own part of the Internet, to share their information and connect with anyone, anywhere, anytime.
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